The R3TM process liberates cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin and their derivatives from lignocellulosic biomass.
Blue Goose uses R3TM to convert the cellulose portion into crystalline cellulose products.
CNC is the first product being commercialized by BGB. CNC is a unique material, displaying a number of extremely useful characteristics. These crystals are extremely small (150 nm long, 10 nm in diameter). Here are a few of the applications under development:
– Cement (plasticizer and strength enhancement)
– rheology modifier (gels for food and industrial applications)
– films for optical and barrier properties
– liquid crystal applications
– light weight composites
Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC)
MCC is chemically identical to CNC. MCC is widely used in the pharmaceutical and food industries. In food, MCC is often used as a calorie free fat replacement. MCC provides texture and thickness in a wide range of food applications. In pharma, MCC is commonly used as excipient, delivering medicine through the digestive tract. R3TM produces a particularly pure MCC devoid of metals and sulphides.
Lignin is the part of biomass that pulp mills have used for energy. In fact, when you burn firewood, the majority of the heat comes from lignin. The chemical structure of lignin is different from the rest of the biomass, yielding a number of different products. Lignin can be converted into cement additives, biofuel, activated carbon, carbon fibres, phenol, phenolic resins, vanillin among others.
Hemicellulose is the part of biomass that is made up of 5 carbon sugars. Unlike cellulose, hemicellulose doesn’t form crystals and tend to be easy to break down. Hemicellulose goes into many products like surfactants, fufural, baking applications, gums as well as food applications (eg artificial sweeteners).